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VEIN OF GALEN ANEURYSM

The Vein of Galen is a major draining vein of the Brain and is located deep within the center region of the Brain. This lesion is usually identified on neuroimaging studies as a large vascular "mass" in the region of the Pineal Gland. "Vein of Galen Aneurysms" are not true aneurysms but more accurately described as Galenic Arteriovenous Malformation.

Aneurysms of the Vein of Galen usually produce symptoms at, or very soon after, birth. This condition is frequently associated with Hydrocephalus (an accumulation of fluid within the Ventricles of the Brain where Cerebrospinal Fluid [CSF] is produced.)

The affected child will have visible enlargement of the head, swollen veins on the scalp, seizures, failure to thrive, and congestive heart failure. Children born with this condition who survive past infancy often remain developmentally impaired.

Dr. Lazar has reported some of his experience with this difficult problem in the scientific literature.

Vein of Galen aneurysm: successful excision of a completely thrombosed aneurysm in an infant. Surg Neurol. 1974 Jan; 2(1):22-4. Lazar, ML (There are multiple references to this article in the medical literature regarding Vein of Galen Aneurysms.)

Additional Online Information:

http://www.ijppediatricsindia.org/article.aspn

http://www.emedicine.com/neuro/topic538.htm


This page last edited on 2/19

All content ©2016 by Neurosurgical Consultants, P.A.
Author, Martin L. Lazar, MD, FACS
All Rights Reserved. See Usage Notices.